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Basic First AID Everybody Should Know

Every year many accidents occur. With some care, they can be prevented. In case and accidents does happen you can be of help if you first aid. Read each of the following carefully. You will be able to give vital fit aid if needed. Remember always to seek help from and adult immediately.  

Do not move the casual unnecessarily. Keep him warm. Make a diagnosis, Decide the treatment and treat. Remember the ABC of first Aid. See if his airways are clear, that he is breathing, and his blood circulation is Patent.

1.      Respiration

If it is failing. Give ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION- MOUTH to MOUTH or MOUTH to NOISE

 

2.      Bleeding

Arrest the bleeding and protect wound. Apply Direct or indirect pressure. Cover with a dressing, apply a pad and firm with a bandage. Elevate. Keep at rest.

3.      Fractures

IMMOBILISE  it with a well-padded stiff support reaching the joints on either side. Apply bandages on either side of the site and at the joints on either side support.

4.      Burns and scalds

A burn is caused by dry heat and scald by moist heat like steam, very hot water or oil. Immediately cool the area with cold water – for 15 mins. till pain subsides. DO NOTE break blisters, or apply anything on the burns. Cover with a sterile or clean, pad and bandages. Give fluids.

 

5.      NOSE BLEEDING

Sit hi up facing the breeze and the head slightly forward. Ask him to breathe through the mouth and NOT to blow the nose. Apply a cold compress over the nose. The part of the nose may be pinched close with the fingers for 10 mins. Cold application on back of the neck and forehead may help.

 

6.      BEE STING

Do not press the bag (of the ring). Use forceps and remove the sting. Apply cold or weak ammonia.

 

7.      ANIMAL BITES

  Wash with soap and plenty of water. Loose bandage may be applied. Get quick medical aid.

8.      SNAKE BITES

Keep patient calm. Wash with plenty of water and soap. DO NOT RUB Hard. First apply a constrictive bandage on the heart side of the bit. (Not to be applied continuously for more than 20 mins.). Do not incise or attempt to suck the wound. Get aid quickly. Try to identify the snake.

9.      Fainting

Lay him down and loosen the clothing around chest and waist. Turn head to one side. The legs may be raised a little. DO NOT attempt to give any solids or liquids. On recovery a small quantity of a drink may be given and allowed to sit up and move after rest.

 

10.   General

If you are in drought the treatment DO NOT DO anything. You may do more harm.

These are only hints. To be good FIRST AIDER you can do the first aid course conducted regularly by the St. John ambulance association in all the states. CONTACT YOUR Centre for details. Also join the Ambulance Brigade in your State.

 


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